The Role of the Big Five Personality Factors on Accident: A Case of Accidents in Construction Industries

Mehdi Pourmazaherian, Shadiya Mohammed Saleh Baqutayan, Durrishah Idrus


Limited research has been undertaken to explore how construction workers’ personality affects safety behaviour. Most of previous literature in field of health and safety especially in construction industry have been focusing on managerial, non- occupational accident or somewhat other aspect accident causation. Indeed, construction is known as one of the most dangerous industries globally, therefore, this study estimates the importance of personality traits in relation to risk behavior at workplace. The objective is to review and identify which dimension of personality traits (big five model) are more affective on occupational accident to suggest new model that is helpful in construction industry in order reduce the accident rate. Finding showed that neuroticism, agreeableness and conscientiousness compare to the other personality traits are more affective on both occupational/non occupational accidents, while, the effect of agreeableness and conscientiousness on improving safety performance was overwhelming. On the other hand, there is little evidence to show meaningful and efficient connection between occupational accident and extraversion. Extraversion and openness were appropriate only to effect on non-occupational accident. Finally, this research presents the appropriate model which is worthwhile to improve the safety performance in construction industry.


Personality Traits; Occupational Accident; Safety; Construction industry

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